Resource Categories
Computer Tips/Tutorials
Google Adds Magazines to Book Search
Google Adds Magazines to Book Search
Magazine Results in regular Google book search results. Well Not exactly the latest magazine articles but none the less another great resource for
motorcycle, motocross, related articles, tips, and stories.
Christmas Gift Ideas (my collection)
My Christmas gift Idea list
Looking for Christmas gift ideas? Well I've bookmarked a few interesting ones to give you a head start.
Also don't forget my previous years tips for
consumer deals.
14 Web Apps to Help You Learn Everything Online
14 Web Apps to Help You Learn Everything Online
Now You Can Use Photoshop Online. (Sorta)
Now You Can Use Photoshop Online. Well Sorta...
Adobe just launched Photoshop Express, an online version of its image editing software.
The 100 top Web apps for 2008
The 100 top Web apps for 2008

These are the 100 best Web 2.0 applications, chosen by Webware readers and Internet users across the globe. Over 1.9 million votes were cast to select these Webware 100 winners:
| - online message encryption
Infoencrypt - Free online service for easy encryption of messages.
This is service for securing your messages in an easy way. All you need is only to enter a message text of your message and encryption password. The password will be used for both encryption and decryption. The system will encrypt your message using strong encryption algorithm, and it will be secure for sending. Anyone who intercepts the encrypted message without password will not be able to read original message.
Picnik (online photo enhancement)
Picnik makes your photos fabulous with easy to use yet powerful editing tools. Tweak to your heart’s content, then get creative with oodles of effects, fonts, shapes, and frames.
Gadgets for Summer 08
NetworkWorld's Gadgets video (5:02)
Convert many file types to other file formats, convert units (acceleration, area, torque and others) Free!
ScanR: Scan, copy and fax with your camera phone or digital camera.
Turn your camera phone into a OCR scanner, copier, and fax and results are e-mailed to you.

The Free account includes: 5 new image uploads per month, storage, and more.

* Clean photos of documents, whiteboards and business cards.
* Extract any text and contact information
* Store, search and share online
View Business Card photo to OCR Scan Examples
Google's new 411 service is free, fast and easy to use. Give it a try now and see how simple it is to find and connect with local businesses for free.
Learn more - FAQ

Dial from any phone

800 GOOG 411
CES 2008
Once again CNet's video archive from the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) 2008. Get your Gadget/Gizmo fix.
NetworkWorlds 15 best downloads of the year
Every once in a while, a piece of software so clearly outclasses its peers that it deserves special commendation. Network World Preston Gralla, shares a few favs... The 15 best downloads of the year
(While these don't exactly excite a Mac user/enthusiast this list may come in handy for you PC Window users.)

Process Explorer
WinPatrol 2007
Trillian Basic
Comodo Firewall Pro
Download Accelerator Plus
Vista Manager
| - Matching People and Electronics
Retrevo helps you find that right product, new usage tips or troubleshooting and support answers - including taking you directly to the specific page in a pdf manual! Our goal is to give you answers for all your electronics needs from before you buy to after you've had the product for years, and everything in between. Retrevo is the place to help you enjoy the experience of electronics products.

Let's not forget our December 2004 Link of the Month -- Deals for locating those electronic product deals. enjoy!
Austin Vintage Photos
While researching Web sites that link to with this little gem ( I discovered a new Web site on the World Wide Web. Better late than never, it seems Kasson's Yamaha/Gas Gas has finally joined the 21st centry technophiles with a Web site. Check out the vintage photo gallery for a look back into Austin's dirt biking history. I for one hope Bill can share a few more vintage photos with us, these are great. Thanks for sharing Bill!
Cool Phone Tools
It does only one thing, but it does it oh, so well. On the home page, just type in a cell phone number and a brief message ("Pick up dry cleaning") and this site sends it out as a text message to that phone on the date and at the time you specify.
Most of us have at least three phone numbers—home, work, cell—and don't always know which one to give out, or later regret the choice we made. Grand Central is a free, one-number-ringing-multiple-phones routing service that solves all these problems, while giving you a level of control over your calls that earlier services like it did not. To get started, Grand Central assigns you a number (you can ask for a particular area code, then choose from a list) and you set up the forwarding rules.
Alright before you get your imagination running wild, a YamiPod has nothing to do with Yamaha or motorcycles for that matter. (Darn imagination.... Correction unless your playing or recording a Yamaha musical instrument for playback using YamiPod enabled iPod while your riding your dirt bike. Winking

YamiPod lets you take your Apple ipod music library from machine to machine without having to sync with iTunes. Supported on Windows, Mac, and Linux. Definitely a computer/iPod cool tool. Thanks to pervious AMSA member Miles Bentz for recommending this cool tool and link.
Yahoo Pipes (search engine)
Everyone including myself fall behind on evolving Internet technologies. Weather you prefer to manually search the Internet or use Really Simple Syndication (RSS) utilities, the fact is we all need to research information online. Yahoo Pipes is a new tool that allows users to customize a single search from many sources. As an example I often search for "AMSA Austin" to research what others are writing and to locate our popular links.

To shorten this message the below links are examples that demonstrate Pipes search and may help you better understand. The links below search several major Blog sources (Bloglines,,,,, more...) for information with the following keywords, all in one swoop.

Yahoo Pipes (beta) is a interesting tool for collecting and customizing news to your needs. I thought I'd share this new Yahoo product knowledge and invite you to harness this new technology. With a Yahoo user account you can save your favorite Pipes and/or customize them to your liking. There are multitudes of uses, you can discover for yourself. Point your browser at some public Pipes to get a better understanding.

Yahoo Pipes (beta)

* Austin Motosports Association
* Motorcycle News
* Flickr - Motorcycle Pictures
* Deals
* There are many public Pipes for public use see: and search away.
Pando file sharing
Pando - is free personal P2P software that makes sending, receiving and publishing large files a breeze. Need to email large attachments, IM a folder, or post your downloadable videos to the Web? Meet Pando available for Mac and PC 1Gb free (No spyware).

• Publish downloadable videos, photos and audio to any web site
• Email files and folders up to 1GB
• Use your existing email, no registration required
• Know if your files are downloaded and how often
• No need to be online when recipients download
• No compression, FTP or flaky web uploads
• IM links to your files or entire folders to any IM buddy
Tech Junkies (CES '07)
Tech junkies January (07) was the annual Consumer Electronic Show (CES) in Las Vegas and although I couldn't attend like most of us, that doesn't mean we can't get our techno gadget fix. I was reading one of my computer rags and came across a web reference that hosts video clips of exciting new tech gadgets, mary are available now and/or the near future. At the time of this writing (drafting traveling to the Houston SX) I haven't viewed but a few, however the few I have viewed are worth sharing. These links are links to video clips demonstrating these new gadgets.

First to come to mind is eyejot, a web site that allows you to both record a video (using your Web Cam) and host your video on there Web site. You then address an e-mail message to your friends/family/whom-ever to visit and view. A video e-mail Web card twist. I have a feeling we'll be seeing this popping up everywhere.

Here's another interesting gizmo for the Cell phone addict, Teleflip. How about the ability to retrieve your e-mail on any ordinary cell phone without additional text messaging service and to boot for free. What's the catch? From what I understand from the video clip they offer e-mail forwarding to any cell phone from their Web based appliance to any cell phone. You have to provide your e-mail information as well as your cell phone number. In all it's still interesting and worth looking into if you have the need for e-mail to your cell phone.

Computer techie...? Data Drive Thru, Innovative Dallas entrepreneurs demo a product that solve the problem of data transfer between two personal computers/laptops (PCs). Its unique USB design help to automate the process of getting your data from one PC to another.

Gamers here's the Sony Play Station 3 sneak peek. An early April pre-release with a tad of humor... LOL!

A familiure name Oakley shows you the lowdown on Oakley's newest MP3/sunglasses line.

USB tools, Car tools...
There are plenty of other cool tools and videos too, check out the Summer Tool Guide.

There are so many other videos, I'll list a few more.
DivX Labs | Propellants for the mind
Best of CES 2007 Awards
Last year: Best of CES Awards - CES 2006
"" is a popular site that lets users watch an RSS subscription via email. Other such sites are popping up daily. See Search results.
StumbleUpon lets you "channel surf" the best-reviewed sites on the web. It is a collaborative surfing tool for browsing, reviewing and sharing great sites with like-minded people. This helps you find interesting webpages you wouldn't think to search for.
Two Thimbs up! - You should check this one out for yourself.

New in 2007- Stumbleupon Video - With just a click, Stumble Video delivers videos from throughout the web that match your interests. In addition to discovering great videos, you can narrow down the channel to a particular interest. If you just want to see the best skydiving videos on the web, so be it. We'll bring you one right after the other. As you Stumble, we get a better sense of what you like, bringing you the highest quality videos selected just for you. It's your own personal video channel! Awesome!
Speed Test
No need to ask you, I know you have the need for speed and I have a number waiting for you...

Test your Network Speed/bandwidth connection. Select a location in other areas/demographics to get results.>

Another good similar test:


PS. My home speed (ome DSL) results are (Austin to Washinton DC):
Down: 2435
This post is a bit off topic but with balancing family, work, and hobbies one essential part of all our lives is music. I recently discovered a Web site that helps you discover new music 'you enjoy'. This Web site applies the social network sharing technology with music. You register (or not) and search for music that appeals to you. Based on the music you like and listen too and rate, either 'Thumbs Up' or 'Thumbs Down'. Based from your selections you make the Web site will suggest other music that others who like similar genres (music). The more you listen and build your rating profile the better the suggestions are. This is certainly an innovative music Web site worth exploring,

If you like you can discover similar technology for Web surfing using; Select your categories of interest and stumble around the WWW and discover some amazing stuff and some other thumbs down sites. Of course your first 'Thumbs-Up' here should be AMSA's Home page. Winking
The Best Web 2.0 Software of 2005
The Best Web 2.0 Software of 2005
The best Web 2.0 software that I've come across so far.
I told you so..., Netvibes, Voo2do, digg, Flickr, Openomy,, Writely, CalendarHub, Basecamp.
Also see:
100 web 2.0 tools if you liked above.
Create and Publish a Podcast—for FREE
Create and Publish a Podcast—for FREE
Bubblesnaps / Say What
If you've got pictures, some friends, and a little iimagination... then what are you waiting for? Bubblesnaps.
SayWhat is for adding amusing cartoon speech bubbles to a picture. Then you can share it with friends and family. (No registration required).
Hyper Upload / File Transfer

HyperUpload - (10MB) is an online one click free hosting for any of your needs. There is no registration and no fees. There is nothing to install and there is no special adware or spyware required. All you need for it to start working is your browser. We shall host your files for any amount of time and totally for free, until you will not need them. A file can be up to 10mb. - I personally prefer (100mb) or better yet YouSendIt (1GB) - and Send huge files over the net. The advantage is this Hyperupload requires no registration. But remember my blob post (also here), you can always use this to register and avoid spam.

Ever wonder how and where I find my interesting links to share? Well one such place is This is a newer angle of Social Bookmarking similar to, digg, and the mosh pit for news. I guarantee you'll find something you'll like on these and please remember you can always share the exceptional links with me. Who knows perhaps it will make a AMSA Link of the Month. Here comes happy times roaming the net, don't be surprised if you learn something new Happy.
Image Editors (Online!) ( This is a newer Web 2.0 application (as well as allowing you edit resize and apply effects to your photos online. This operates just like a graphic editing application. Goto, then maneuver over to the 'FILE' menu and select 'OPEN' to get started. Wow - no excuses now! Winking

online resize website utility developed for digital camera owners, webmasters, people travelling, my sister or anybody who quickly wants to resize a digital image for email or publishing on a Web site. No need to open a photo editor to do this!
Resize your digital photo images in three easy steps!

There are a few things to learn about using photographs on the Web in order to share them.
First choose a file format compatible on all computers, such as .Gif (for drawings or animation and transparent images), .JPEG for photographs, or the newer .PNG format. Most other formats such as .BMP are native only to PC computers not the Web, Mac's, or Linux systems (for the most part) can not read these files as easily. Once you have the correct photo format the second concern is to realize the differences in pixel density which is measured in Dots Per Inch (DPI). The maximum DPI a monitor can utilize is 96 DPI. Usually 72 DPI will suit just fine for viewing on a computer monitor. Reducing the DPI and (JPG quality to around 34%) will dramatically reduce the photograph file size without any visible difference on a computer monitor. You need high DPI pixel density only for printing. The purpose of reducing high pixel density photos is so you may quickly upload, and/or view them via the Web/UseNet/E-Mail, etc. Printing is not really the purpose for a Web browser, keeping the file size low speeds display, transfer, etc.

This image utility does not have features for reducing the quality or pixel density (bummer I know), it will only resize your photo, effectively making the file size smaller to some extent. Most E-mail servers have an attachment file size limit (usually around 2MB - 5MB). You can use to transfer files up to 100mb (for free). Where was I... oh.
By the way you should never try to make a small photo larger, that's like looking at a newspaper photo with a magnifying glass (try it, you'll see what happens). If you have a large megapixel digital camera you should become aware of these differenes for print verses Web photos/display/sharing.

FYI... The forums require attachments to be 1.5MB or less. This is usually the need for smaller image files. There are literally hundreds of graphic editing software packages available (both commercial and free).

If you're still wanting more and can't shell out for Adobe Photoshop (the #1 Photo Editing software) the best I can recommend is looking at the "The 46 Best-ever Freewware Utilities" (also listed here) or possibly software directories such as or Both are excellent starting points allowing you to search (by keyword - eg. photo editor) and reading about available software. Hope this helps! Winking
Google Web - beta
Create your own web pages, quickly and easily
Google Page Creator is a free online tool that makes it easy for anyone to create and publish useful, attractive web pages in just minutes.
• No technical knowledge required.
Build high-quality web pages without having to learn HTML or use complex software.
• What you see is what you'll get.
Edit your pages right in your browser, seeing exactly how your finished product will look every step along the way.
• Don't worry about hosting.
Your web pages will live on your own site at

Google Page Creator is a Google Labs project, and is still in an early testing phase. If you're interested in taking it for a test drive, login with your Gmail account to begin making pages. If you don't have a Gmail account and you have a mobile phone, you can sign up here. You can also locate free GMail invite codes from many other Web resources. I recommend this method rather than sharing your cell number possibly open to phone spam. You may have to get tricky and remember the post also on this blog. Obviously Goggle is trying to identify each GMail account/user (via cell phone, or invite email address), but I prefer incognito.
| is a useful service that allows you to subscribe to any blog or RSS feed by e-mail. Converts feed and blog updates into email digests, delivered daily to subscribers' inboxes.
Pluck Browser RSS Reader
Pluck Browser RSS Reader

RSS offers an easy way for you to be alerted when new content appears on your favorite Web sites and blogs. Just check your Pluck RSS Reader and see all the latest content, all in one place.
free software downloads for Internet Explorer or Firefox.

If you don't already grasp the knowledge and power that RSS offers, I recommend giving this a spin. It's a good starting point to discovering what RSS can offer you. Besides Pluck is an Austin based company located at 7th St. and Brazzos. What-the-Pluk, you've got nothing to loose... it's free, and lots to gain.
Juice Podcast Management
A cool Open source software application for Podcast management (subscriptions, bookmarks to Podcasts, Podcast creation, etc.)
The 46 Best-ever Freeware Utilities
The 46 Best-ever Freeware Utilities
Listed below are 46 different freeware categories with my selection of the best products in each category. The list is ordered by program function rather than merit so you'll get the most out of it by browsing it at leisure. The pathologically impatient can consult the index.  furl  spurl 

Bookmark now : 
Cool Gizoogle
Gizoogle is an awesome site that takes whatever uri you enter into it and converts its content to shiznit gangsta talk. Check out the AMSA website in Gizoogle . Pretty darn hillarious (I mean 'Blingin').
AIM Fight
Who is more popular, you or your friend... find out on Aim Fight ( Type in two screen names and see which one has more Kevin Bacon style connections. To quote: "Your score isn't an exact number of your third-degree connections. Rather, it shows how many connections you have relative to other AIM users."
You may have noticed the AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) icon and status indicator on the AMSA 411 Blog. This informs viewers if I'm logged into AIM. Sometimes business' and/or network administrators may filter out this type of non-business traffic (for various reasons), thus making chat unavailable on your computer or if you're on barrowed system simply not installed. Well if this is a problem or you simply want to login to your AIM/Yahoo/MSN Chat, by all means go for it. More than likeily if you have such restrictioins on your network and you have Internet access, you can always use this tool: E-Messenger. This website redirects the otherwised blocked chat ports to the open Web browser (port:80 HTTP). Allowing Chat activity through this public Web page. Live it up chatter box, and drop me a buss sometime via: .


Another (late entry) similiar site named Meebo:
Port:80 Web Chat from anywhere....
| - Social Bookmarks
Early in 2005 I read an InfoWorld article about Social Bookmarking that caught my attention. Having not heard of this computer term prior, it interested me. As it turns out Social Bookmarking allows anyone to share Internet Bookmarks with a keyword tagging mechanism that allows easy searching amongst systems. Sure you could use Yahoo, Google, and/or other Search Engines but is different. If I had to categorize it I'd say it's sort-of a Peer-to-Peer Bookmark manager allowing you to customize your links to your personal liking. One advantage is access from any computer with Internet access. (acquired by Yahoo) is a social bookmarks manager Web site. There are many out there I've recently learned and this comparison document may help you identify the differences and features. I will primarily be writing from the mindset, although many aspects are similar. allows you to easily discover links or to post links to your personal collection of links, categorize those link resources with keywords/tags, share your collection not only between your own browsers and machines, but also with others. You may even tag certain links semi-private, for only you to view or find these. To start I recommend looking over the help pages, you can learn quickly from this information.

There are several ways you can search resources and many available browser tools specialized for it's use and assist in a plethora of tasks (as well as other
Social Bookmark servers.) I'll discuss Plug-ins later after we introduce the remaining basics (who, where, what, when, & why).

What: is or Social Bookmarking? Well if you didn't get it from my explanation above here's the Help pages '
about'. I think I've covered 'who' already... (Hello - it's for YOU, me, anyone with Internet access).
'Where': Hold on Hoss! Before running off without the rest of the basics you can learn a lot from why you'd want to use Why would you want to use, you ask? Well first off, I can only lead you to it, I can't make you use it, but you may find it useful to share your favorite Web sites/resources and use this as a tool to discover new resources.
Example let's dive in and take a look at my member account, at ( You'll learn my interests, and see my tagged keywords. I'm interested in Accessible Web development, Web standards, Casscading Style Sheets (CSS) technology, Macintosh computers, Motorcycles, guitar, and fun, amongst other tags. These tags help me to recall resources I chose to save and share. If any of these Tags interest you, feel free to explore.

ok, now let's cover Where... The home page allows you to register for your own sub-account and begin creating, sharing, and categorizing your favorite tags and bookmarks. I recommend you surf a while to learn more and explore this new territory. The links below should be a helpful nudge into discovering the world of Delicious Social Bookmarks:

Popular Tags are the current popular Tag from all users in the server systems.
Trendalicious: a near real-time view of Web site popularity trends. Also check out the Delicious tip of the day, Graph A map to others linking to users, Absolutely - A Complete Tool Collection, and Delicious Help pages.

How do you search?

You can search for any keyword tag from the official delicious search form available at:

Last but certainly not least, I encourage the use of the free
FireFox browser and Thunderbird E-mail software over all others for there advanced open standards compliance and features. If you use either of these there are plenty of Plug-in's to assist with easier Tagging and Bookmarking. I suggest reviewing the Absolutely - Complete Tool Collection to learn more about Delicious and available Plug-In's for many various applications besides FireFox and Thunderbird.

I hope this gets you socializing...

Update: added July 2006 -- This is a bit excessive but a trend could be: - Access you Delicious Bookmarks via your Web enabled Cell phone or PDA.

Enjoy the ride!
Free 411 Info
Cell phone companies are charging $1.00
or more for 411 telephone information calls, and you don't have to pay that.
Instead, when you need to use the 411 information option, simply dial
1 800 FREE 411
without incurring a charge at all, well except for the minutes required to make the call on a cell phone other wise it's currently a free 411 telephone directory service.

PS. My favorite free Web Telephone directory service is ""; Note the reverse telephone number lookup option. A handy tool sometimes when you have a number with no name... Winking

This free 411 service and AMSA's 411 service (by John Middleton are purely coincidental and in no way associated with one another... Duh! Winking
| E-mail What is it you ask...? Well it's not exactly obvious from the home page so I'll explain why and how useful this site can be. is a E-Mail server with a Web interface. Sure there are many of these (but wait...) allows you to makeup any E-mail name as long as the domain name is "". I believe they also allow .net possibly others, check their home page. Why would anyone want this? Well there are many legitimate reasons and a few shady ones as well I'm sure. Let's just stick to the legitimate ones.

Example...I recently posted something for sale on
UseNet and/or registering on a forum... I didn't want to provide my real E-mail address and be bothered with residual E-mails plus allowing spammers/spiders to collect my E-mail address to pass about... DOH!
While there are many tricks like using john(at), this still is easy to circumvent. Hotmail/Yahoo/etc are options also but these take time to setup and can be tracked back to your IP address. With dodgeit there is no setup, simply make up a name anytime you want. This server allows you go to the home page and enter your made up name. Any E-mail address will be accepted at allowing mail to be sent to it and allowing you to check the account. However after 48 hours the server automatically deletes messages.

IT IS IMPORTANT TO Keep in mind, anyone can read any E-mail adress on just as easily as you can. I'd recommend using a unique ID, something not likely to be guessed. I don't why anyone would pay to protect an account there, just use something obscure, not easiy guessed.

I use it sign up for freebies, forums, whatever, occasionally. One wonderful feature is that it's RSS enabled. You can have the account watched by a RSS Reaser application that will inform you when you have new mail. After I sold my item I simply forgot the account and ID. I'm not bothered any further asking if I still have it.

Ok, it's not that big of a deal and perhap this may become more known and filtered like HotMail, but currently it's under most peoples radar... Someday you'll think back and have a need for this. It's simply a tool just like a hammer in your tool box and I know we all like tools. Enjoy!

-- UPDATED 10/29/07, 1/23/08
Alright seems to have died, but don't fret there are others to use/abuse.
Here are some other anonymous e-mail sites:

There are others search 'anonymouse free email' and don't fall prey to the spammers.
| File Sharing
FIle Sharing Lesson

Many of you may or may not be familiar with File Sharing over the Internet. This little segment should help those not so familiar with file sharing techniques. The first file sharing technique everyone should know is attachments with-in an e-mail message. As you may have discovered this has it's limitations. E-mail servers usually limit messages to 4mb or under. Many people believe if the attachment file size is over the limit (set by your provider), then you're just out of luck. Well this isn't true, you have many options. First is File Transfer Protocol (FTP) but you'll have to learn and understanding FTP technology. Too much for the normal everyday non-geek user, (I agree.) FTP requires special software and knowledge to send/receive files, it's not too difficult, perhaps more study time required than you care to undertake. If you want learn more about FTP then I'd recommend starting with "FTP" and the vast available search engines.

I'm heading this tactical informational lesson to a slightly easier method, available free and right from your web browser.

Dropload to the rescue! If you have a larger file than what e-mail allows you to send you can utilize this handy free utility to send and retrieve files.

Perhaps I should explain a bit more... Dropload is a place for you to drop your files off and have them picked up by someone else at a later time. Recipients you specify are sent an email with instructions on how to download the file. Files are removed from the system after 7 days, regardless if they have been picked up or not. You can upload any type of file, mp3, movies, docs, pdfs, up to 100MB each! Recipients can be anyone with an email address. However... of course confidentiality is at risk unless you securely encrypted or password protect your files. You can usually add minimum password security to zipped, and/or pdf files prior to using such free public utilities if this is a concern.

Ok, so now there are no excuses for not sharing your files, photos, etc... But remember as ALWAYS scan any and all files for virus's prior to opening with the most current virus software and definitions. I hope you learned from this little lesson and share it with others.
UseNet News Groups

UseNet Is a worldwide bulletin board system that can be accessed through the Internet or through many online services. The USENET contains more than 14,000 forums, called newsgroups, that cover every imaginable interest group. It is used daily by millions of people around the world.

UseNet News Groups certainly are not new but I'll bet it may be to many of you. In fact prior to the World Wide Web (www) and HTML web pages, the Internet structure was primarily UseNet based, but also other protocols like FTP, and E-mail.

News Groups like are still a major community news information source. This is why I am linking and encouraging you to explore UseNet.

However - BEWARE - UseNet is also a common place for scams and E-mail address harvesting, so please learn correct techniques to protect yourself. Example: Protect your identity when posting messages on UseNet, notice few provide people there E-mail address as it is, usually they mask it so address harvesters can not easily obtain this. You're safe to lurk and browse UseNet's text messages.

A non-motorcycle popular news group is the free city classified available for most every large city in the world. (see